The Internet has revolutionized the modern way of living, and places are turning smarter day by day. Whether it is a smart home or a smart office, the demand for real-time remote services is increasing like never before.
The results are the powerful Internet of Things of IoT systems. Do you know that the total number of active IoT devices is set to cross 25.4 billion by 2030? So what is a machine learning model all about?
IoT System and Analysis:
Before deciding on IoT analysis, it is important to know the basics of IoT systems, IoT data, and the need for analysis. First, the system has physical objects called “things” connected and exchanging data over the Internet using sensors, software, and another technology is a basic IoT system.
As clear from the name only, it contains different devices communicating and exchanging information over the Internet.
Any IoT system must have:
- Electrical or mechanical devices
- Sensors, storage, software, and processors
- Protocols, ports, and antennas
- Dedicated onboard analytics for AI model training and use
Just like there can be multiple devices connected in one IOT system, these can be located at distant places like factories, homes, oil fields, offices, agricultural fields, and even in automobiles.
Hence, the data thus generated is of different types that the apps can manage from web development company including:
- State information data: It consists of the” read or write” information that describes the current state of the device only.
- Command data: It consists of the device actions performed over some time.
- Metadata: It includes class, type, manufacturing date, hardware serial number, device ID, model details, etc.
- Operational information data: It includes information like a system’s operating temperature or other operational data.
It is useful to improve the degrading performances and respond quickly to the system breakages for eliminating permanent damages.
- Telemetry data: It consists of the data collected by the sensors that are read-only in nature only. The correspondence channels are created using telemetry data. This telemetry data is stored as a variable on cloud or device’s storage.
Why IoT analysis using machine learning?
IoT data is large, and when it comes to managing the IoT data, there is a need for dedicated technology that can manage the quality and quantity of data. The key reasons to look for leading technologies like machine learning for IoT analysis include:
- Growth and scalability of the businesses in the future.
- Creating new revenue streams using problem resolution and other challenges.
- Quick problem-solving and preventing recurring issues.
- Creating new products.
- Increasing control and visibility over data for quick and precise decision-making.
- Reducing operational costs by optimizing resource utilization and automation.
- Improving customer experiences using IoT data.
- Faster solutions for possible issues in the business processes.
Simple use of machine learning for IoT analysis:
While the IoT devices and other processes are specific to businesses, the following can be a simple use of machine learning for quick IoT analysis:
- The IoT sensors are placed on the machinery having variables like temperature, heat, noise, vibrations, etc.
- This data from IoT sensors is fed to cloud storage for detailed analytics.
- The machine learning model is implemented on the cloud storage platform that feeds on the incoming data.
- The main role of machine learning is to divide the information into verification and training requirements.
- Machine learning focuses on the correlations, projections, and anomalies for defining a hypothesis.
- The hypothesis thus created by machine learning is tested and validated for defined establishment.
- The hypothesis is published as an executable endpoint after getting validated.
- Now the live feed data is passed through this established hypothesis to generate analytics about the devices.
- It further can offer insights about what details and other training needs are mandatory for devices.
Advantages of using machine learning for IoT analysis:
- Machine learning can help define predictive and prescriptive analysis from IoT data.
- It can define other data patterns and make precise predictions. The devices can learn from the machine data and hint at the dedicated training needs.
- It can automate the business processes for increased efficiencies at low operational costs. Hence, the desired output can be generated from the available data collected in the past.
- Risks can be predicted using machine learning. It is particularly used in hazardous industries for effective monitoring and process optimization.
Top industries- machine learning for IoT:
- Automotive: IoT sensors deployed on the assembly lines can detect equipment failures that can be analyzed using machine learning. It can further help learn in details about the vehicles and the information to car owners regarding the same.
- Retail: While IoT is already managing the inventory, improving customer experience, reducing operational costs, and optimizing the supply chain, the data generated is the real hero.
The smart shelves using the weight sensors can collect the data and send it for detailed analytics. The advanced beacon technology can improve the promotions and offer pitches to the targeted customers.
- Healthcare: The patient assistance equipment is monitored using IOT sensors. Data analysis using machine learning can help patients find the nearest service providers. It further helps proper hospital asset utilization and improves the finances of different services.
- Manufacturing: Companies can deploy IoT sensors to get exact details when the production is compromised. The sensor alerts can reduce operational costs, improve uptime, and can eliminate manufacturing issues. Machine learning can improve data management for multiple manufacturing industries using costly equipment.
- Public sector: Whether it is mass outages or interruptions in water, electricity, or sewage, the public sector can get the benefits of IoT devices. Machine learning can be deployed to generate the scope of an outage or deploy the additional resources for seamless supply.
- Transportation and logistics: Whether it is about managing the transport vehicles to determine the exact location in the logistics chain, IoT sensor data is helping multiple transportations and logistics companies.
The track-and-trace and temperature-control monitoring can be useful for dairy or other temperature-sensitive inventory. The data thus analyzed can be used to alert the companies about possible issues and respond on time before the item gets damaged.
- General safety: Irrespective of the type of industry and services, IoT devices have proven worth improving the general safety of the workforce. It is easy to get notified about possible accidents using IoT sensors and detailed analysis and alert the workforce accordingly. The best examples are the wearables that can use machine learning to analyze data and offer quick responses in events of emergency.
With more than 127 devices connected to the Internet on every passing second, the volumes of data thus generated are way too high to be managed by manual systems.
Machine learning comes as a life savior for businesses that need detailed IoT analysis. These smart-systems get the right boost with machine learning, and the results are powerful insights for quick business decisions by creating an app in IoT.
Machine learning and IoT can be considered as the newest promising technology duo that can manage multiple metrics in one go. The results are ideal for getting quick trend analysis in retail or a detailed root-cause analysis in factories.